What are big muscle groups?
The training of "big muscle groups" is mentioned in strength training literature and in the Internet again and again. Here you get to know which muscles belong to the so-called "big muscle groups".
The training of the "big muscle groups" is mentioned in strength training literature and in the Internet again and again. Here you get to know which muscles belong to the so-called "big muscle groups" and why those muscles play an important role in your training. There are different definitions for the term "big muscle groups". Here you find the most common version:
These muscles build the big muscle groups
Muscles, whose primary function is to work together to do a movement, are described as big muscle groups. The gluteal muscles (Mm. Glutaei) play a decisive role for walking and running movements. The thigh muscles (M. quadriceps femoris, ischiocrurale Muskulatur) are important for kneeling down and standing up. The back muscles (M. latissimus dorsi, M. trazezius) get active for pulling movements. Chest muscles (M. Pectoralis major/minor) are demanded for pushing movements.
Advantages of the training of big muscle groups
Big muscle groups require a lot of energy and a lot of calories due to their big mass. You can lose weight quicker and more effectively, when you demand as many of the big muscle groups as possible while exercising.
When your training target is muscle building and muscle growth, the big muscle groups also play an important role. Physical load by training results in an increase in a release of body's own growth hormones. Body's own growth hormones positively influence muscle building and fat reduction.
Shoulder, arm, and lower leg muscles are called the "small muscle groups"
Find an overview about all important muscles and how they are trained the most effectively in our Sport-Tiedje muscle guide.